The Indonesian rainforest is one of the most important ecosystems in the world today. It is believed that Indonesia is the most species rich country on earth. Spread over 18,000 islands, Indonesia contains the world’s third largest area of rainforest after the Amazon and Africa’s Congo Basin.
Incredibly, with just one percent of the earth’s land area, Indonesia’s rainforests contain 10 per cent of the world’s known plant species, 12 per cent of mammal species including endangered orangutans and critically endangered Sumatran tigers and rhinos and 17 per cent of all known bird species.
There are thought to be as many as 40,000 different species of plants in the Indonesian rainforest and of these there are around 5000 different species of orchid alone.
The Indonesian rainforest is home to 1,531 species of birds, 515 species of mammals more than any other nation 270 species of amphibians and 35 species of primates as well.